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Article I. Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey, for the one part, and Russia, for the other part, declare that the state of war between them has ceased. They are resolved to live henceforth in peace and amity with one another.

Russia lost thousand square kilometres of land and 56 million inhabitants, but made peace temporarily. This supported the consolidation of Bolshevik rule. The Germans won in the short term, but the Bolsheviks strengthened in the long run — for a price though: Brest-Litovsk could also be a symbol of breaking up with the West, the Entente.

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Chrissy has taught secondary English and history and writes online curriculum. She has an M. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

The treaty was signed in time for the Germans to devote all of their resources to a spring offensive on the Western Front. While often disregarded as a historical footnote because it would be abrogated after the German collapse in Novemberthe Treaty of Brest-Litovsk actually signaled the emergence of the Soviet Union in the international community. The contrast between the two peace delegations at Brest Litovsk revealed the broad gap that was emerging between the Soviet Union and the rest of the world as a result of the revolution. By contrast, the Bolshevik delegation represented the exact opposite.

The Russian government collapsed in March The subsequent October Revolution followed by a further military defeat brought the Russians to terms with the Central Powers via the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which granted the Germans a significant victory and resulted in Russia exiting the war and breaking ties with the Allied Powers. The treaty was signed at Brest-Litovsk after two months of negotiations and was forced on the Bolshevik government by the threat of further advances by German and Austrian forces.

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The treaty was agreed upon by the Russians to stop further invasion. According to the treaty, Soviet Russia defaulted on all of Imperial Russia 's commitments to the Allies and eleven nations became independent in Eastern Europe and western Asia. It is considered the first diplomatic treaty ever filmed.

After a nearly a year of turmoil in Russia, the Bolsheviks ascended to power in November after the October Revolution Russia still used the Julian calendar. As ending Russia's involvement in World War I was a key tenet of the Bolshevik platform, new leader Vladimir Lenin immediately called for a three-month armistice. Though initially wary of dealing with the revolutionaries, the Central Powers Germany, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire finally agreed to a ceasefire in early December and made plans to meet with Lenin's representatives later in the month.

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Peace negotiations, which the Soviet government had requested on Nov. They were divided into several sessions, during which the Soviet delegation tried to prolong the proceedings and took full advantage of its opportunity to issue propaganda statements, while the Germans grew increasingly impatient. When no substantial progress had been made by January 18, the German general Max Hoffmann firmly presented the German demands, which included the establishment of independent states in the Polish and Baltic territories formerly belonging to the Russian Empire and in Ukraine.

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Erik Sass is covering the events of the war exactly years after they happened. This is the rd installment in the series. Read an overview of the war to date here.

By the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was forced to give up its territorial gains from the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. This discontent strengthened the cause of the Bolsheviks, a radical socialist group led by Vladimir Lenin that was working to harness opposition to the czar and turn it into a sweeping revolution that would begin in Russia and later, he hoped, spread to the rest of the world. The February Revolution broke out in early March or February, according to the Julian calendar, which the Russians used at the time ; Nicholas abdicated later that month.

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