Emergency contraception refers to methods of contraception that can be used to prevent pregnancy after sexual intercourse. These are recommended for use within 5 days but are more effective the sooner they are used after the act of intercourse. Emergency contraceptive pills prevent pregnancy by preventing or delaying ovulation and they do not induce an abortion.
Edward J. Research on inflammatory bowel disease risk among oral contraceptive users has reached conflicting conclusions. This population-based case-control study evaluated the effects of oral contraceptive use on ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease risk.
The combined oral contraceptive pill COCPoften referred to as the birth control pill or colloquially as " the pill ", is a type of birth control that is designed to be taken orally by women. It includes a combination of an estrogen usually ethinylestradiol and a progestogen specifically a progestin. When taken correctly, it alters the menstrual cycle to eliminate ovulation and prevent pregnancy.
Please take this quick survey to tell us about what happens after you publish a paper. Digestive Diseases and Sciences. The influence of oral contraceptive OCP use as a risk factor for the development of Crohn's disease is disputed.
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Pelvic inflammatory disease PID is an infection of the upper reproductive organs in women. It usually begins as an infection of the cervix, which then spreads up into the uterus and fallopian tubes. The infection can spread beyond the reproductive organs into the tissues surrounding them.
One of the most widely accepted noncontraceptive benefits of oral contraceptive use is the reduction in the development of pelvic inflammatory disease PID and its sequelae in users. While much of the research over the past forty years has found an association between oral contraceptive use and reduced rates of PID [Senanayake, ], more recent studies have qualified and even challenged this widely held belief. Sixteen original studies are reviewed and analyzed, thirteen of which found a protective benefit with oral contraceptive use against PID and three more recent studies which found no protective benefit or association between oral contraceptive use and PID.
In particular, there were some studies that showed that women who use the pill may be at increased risk of developing Crohn's disease. For women who have IBD, contraception is an important topic, and there are only so many choices. Pregnancy in women with IBD should be planned in advance, and for many women, the pill is an affordable, effective, and readily available option to prevent pregnancy.